CWBFG Annual Report 2022

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS For the Years Ended October 31, 2022 and 2021 ($ thousands, except per share amounts)


Canadian Western Bank (CWB) is a publicly traded, federally regulated Canadian bank headquartered at Suite 3000, 10303 Jasper Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta. We are a full- service financial institution in Canada with a strategic focus to meet the unique financial needs of businesses and their owners. We provide our clients with full-service business and personal banking, specialized financing, wealth management offerings, and trust services.

The consolidated financial statements were authorized for issue by the Board of Directors on December 1, 2022.

B) BASIS OF CONSOLIDATION The consolidated financial statements include the assets, liabilities and results of operations of CWB and all of its subsidiaries, after the elimination of intercompany transactions and balances. Subsidiaries are defined as entities whose operations are controlled by CWB and are corporations in which we are the beneficial owner. Non- controlling interest in subsidiaries is presented on the consolidated balance sheets as a separate component of equity that i s distinct from shareholders’ equity. The net income attributable to non-controlling interest in subsidiaries is presented separately in the consolidated income statements. See Note 28 for details of CWB’s significant subsidiaries.

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a historic cost basis, except the revaluation of financial instruments classified as fair value through profit or loss, or as fair value through other comprehensive income.

C) STATEMENT OF COMPLIANCE These consolidated financial statements of CWB have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB). These consolidated financial statements also comply with subsection 308 (4) of the Bank Act and the accounting requirements of the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions Canada (OSFI).

The significant accounting policies used in the preparation of these financial statements, including the accounting requirements of OSFI, are summarized below and in the following notes.

D) USE OF ESTIMATES AND ASSUMPTIONS The preparation of financial statements in conformity with IFRS requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as at the date of the consolidated financial statements as well as the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the period. Key areas of estimation where we have made subjective judgments, often as a result of matters that are inherently uncertain, include those relating to the allowance for credit losses, fair value of financial instruments, impairment of goodwill and intangible assets, valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities, impairment of financial instruments classified as fair value through other comprehensive income, and fair value of stock options. Therefore, actual results could differ from these estimates.


Information on critical judgments in applying accounting policies that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognized in the consolidated financial statements relate to the allowance for credit losses and are described in Note 6.

F) BUSINESS COMBINATIONS Business combinations are accounted for using the acquisition method. The cost of an acquisition is measured at the fair value of the consideration, including contingent consideration, given at the acquisition date. Contingent consideration is a financial instrument and, as such, is remeasured each period thereafter with the adjustment recorded to acquisition-related fair value changes in the consolidated statements of income. Acquisition-related costs are recognized as an expense in the income statement in the period in which they are incurred. The acquired identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities are measured at their fair values at the date of acquisition. Goodwill is measured as the excess of the aggregate of the consideration transferred, including any amount of any non-controlling interest in the acquiree, over the net of the recognized amounts of the identifiable assets acquired and the liabilities assumed.

We elect on a transaction-by-transaction basis whether to measure a non-controlling interest at its fair value or at its proportionate share of the recognized amount of the identifiable net assets, at the acquisition date.

G) FUNCTIONAL AND FOREIGN CURRENCIES The consolidated financial statements are presented in Canadian dollars, which is our functional currency. Assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated into Canadian dollars at rates prevailing at the balance sheet date. Revenue and expenses in foreign currencies are translated at the average exchange rates prevailing during the period. Realized and unrealized gains and losses on foreign currency positions are included in non-interest income.

CWB Financial Group 2022 Annual Report | 71

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